Gonorrhoea, or Gonorrhoea

gonorrhoea, also popularly known as gonorrhoea, is an STD (sexually transmitted disease) is relatively common, able to affect both the male audience as the female. Gonorrhoea is caused by bacteria “neisseria gonorrhoeae”, known in the medical environment by the nickname ‘gonococcus’.

Understanding the Gonorrhoea

In general, any individual (man or woman) with active sexual life may end up contracting the bacteria, and consequently, the disease. It should be noted that gonorrhoea can be transmitted at any stage of the sexual contact, that is, in both oral and vaginal or anal sex.

The bacterium that causes the disease multiplies, especially in the parts moist and warm the body, which also includes the urethra, the channel responsible for carrying urine out of the body.

in addition, the bacterium can also mark your presence on the reproductive system of the woman: in the uterus, the fallopian tube or even in the cervix.

The transmission also occur during the time of the birth of mother-to-child (), if it is with the disease during pregnancy. In babies the disease manifests itself primarily in the eyes, as conjunctivitis severe or an infection.

• risk Factors

The risk factors, ie, factors that may make the contamination with the bacteria genococo facilitated are:

– People from 18 to 25 years old, or with sexual life more active;
– Have partners with a history of Stis;
– Have more than one sexual partner;
– Not using condoms during sexual practice;
– excessive Use of psychoactive substances, as well as alcohol and illegal drugs (facilitators of the practice of sex without a condom and by sharing objects such as syringes and needles).

• Symptoms of gonorrhoea

In the great majority of cases of gonorrhoea ends up going unnoticed. When there is the existence of symptoms, they are very peculiar and can be noticed especially in the genital region.

In the female genitalia, the symptoms are:

– Burning and pain in the time you urinate;
– Increase in vaginal discharge, which can appear with a strong and unpleasant odor and yellowish tones;
– vaginal Bleeding – even outside the time of menstruation;
– Pain in the pelvic region and abdomen.

Already in the male genitalia, the most characteristic symptoms of gonorrhoea are:

– the Secretion of pus by the urethra of the penis;
– Burning and pain in the time you urinate;
– Swelling or pain, often in only one of the testicles.

• How to perform the treatment

The treatment of gonorrhoea has as main objective to heal the infection, and then interrupt the continuity of the transmission of the disease.

it is worth highlighting the importance of treating not only the patient, but also, the sexual partners with whom he maintained a relationship in recent months – possibly, also will be diagnosed with the disease.

The main drugs currently used for the treatment of gonorrhoea are: bepeben, amoxycillin, amoxycillin + clavulanate potassium, cefanaxil, azithromycin, amoxil BD, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacino, fectriaxona dissódica (or fectriaxona sodium) and others.

it is worth noting that the self-medication should not be performed, since the choice of these drugs depends on the case (and the intensity of the disease) of each patient.


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