the package insert of the medicine Ritalin. Therapeutic class of Psychostimulants. Active principlesHydrochloride Methylphenidate.
Is indicated for the treatment of attention deficit disorder or hyperactivity disorder (adhd) and for narcolepsy in adults and children over 6 years of age.
How it works?
The Ritalin has in its composition Hydrochloride of Methylphenidate, a substance that acts as a weak stimulant of the central nervous system.
In the treatment of the hyperactive, Ritalin acts by improving the activity of certain parts of the brain that are less active, increasing the attention and concentration, and decreasing impulsive behavior. In the treatment of narcolepsy, Ritalin relieves excessive daytime sleepiness.
How to use?
The recommended starting dose of Ritalin is 5 mg, half a tablet, 1 to 2 times per day, and the dose be increased of 5 to 10 mg per week.
The average dose recommended Ritalin is 20 to 30 mg, 2 to 3 tablets, 2 to 3 times per day.
The dose of Ritalin to administer will depend on the patient, in certain cases it may be necessary to the administration of 40 to 60 mg, while in other cases the dose of 10 to 15 mg may be sufficient.
What are the evils that can cause me?
Some of the most common side effects of Ritalin include sore throat and runny nose, decreased appetite, nervousness, difficulty sleeping, nausea, dry mouth, emotional distress, excessive restlessness, sleep disturbance, emotional excitement, agitation, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, signs of trembling in the body, changes in blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythm, palpitations, cough, vomiting, stomach pain, upset stomach, indigestion, toothache, itching, fever, hair loss, excessive sweating, pain in the joints, decrease weight, or nervousness.
When should I not use?
it Is contra-indicated for children under 6 years, patients with heart problems such as heart attack, irregular heartbeat, chest pain, heart failure, or heart disease, patients with problem of thyroid, patients with glaucoma, patients with blood pressure too high, or narrowing of the blood vessels, patients with anxiety, tension or agitation, patients with syndrome of Ts patients who are taking inhibitors of monoamine oxidase – MAOI, patients with tumor in the adrenal gland or patients with allergy to Methylphenidate or other components of the formula.
Warnings and Precautions
what should I know before using?
Before using Ritalin, you should talk with your doctor if you are pregnant, intending to become pregnant, or amentando, has trouble sleeping, has a history of abuse of alcohol or drugs, have epilepsy, seizures, convulsions, epileptic seizures, have heart problems, have disturbance in the blood vessels in the brain, you have mental disorders acute psychosis, excitation, abnormal, or an increased activity and uninhibited, have hallucinations, have aggressive behavior or suicidal thoughts and behaviour, has a history of motor tics
If it is subjected to any surgery, you should inform your doctor that you are on treatment with Ritalin.
Ritalin may cause dizziness and problems concentrating, so you must take special care when driving vehicles and machinery.
Children on treatment with Ritalin may have a slower growth than normal, however, usually recover with treatment interruption.
what to do if someone use a larger amount than is recommended?
In the case of taking excessive, you should go to the nearest hospital, taking the packaging or the package insert of the medicine. When administered in excessive doses can cause symptoms like vomiting, agitation, headache, tremors, muscle spasms, irregular heart beat, flushing, fever, sweating, dilation of pupils, difficulty in breathing, confusion and seizures.
what should I do when I forget to use this medicine?
in Case of the neglect of the administration of a dose should take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, doses should never be administered to double or at times very close, if this happens you should skip the missed dose and take only the dose the following time.