the package insert of the medicine Dialudon.
Control and suppression of epileptic seizures-tonic-clonic-type, large-mal, psychomotor, and which may occur during or after neurocirurgias.
When should I not use?
Hypersensitivity to benzodiazepines and any other anticonvulsant hidantoínico, because there may be cross-sensitivity. Compromises cardiac syndrome (Adams-Stokes, sinus bradycardia, atrioventricular block second and third degree). Narrow-angle Glaucoma. Myasthenia gravis.
How to use?
Must be adjusted by the doctor, depending on the therapeutic response of each patient. The effective dose usually recommended is 1/2 to 1 tablet every 12 hours, during or immediately after the main meals. Elderly patients and debilitated, with hepatic and/or renal compromised or other serious diseases may need lower initial doses, because of variations in individual sensitivity, with subsequent adjustment of dosage. – Overdose: the initial symptoms of an overdose may include nystagmus, ataxia, and dysarthria, tremors, hiperflexia, lethargy, nausea, and vomiting. The treatment is symptomatic and of support of the vital functions, depending on, therefore, from the physician’s discretion. This includes induction of vomiting or gastric lavage, multiple oral doses of activated charcoal and a cathartic can decrease the duration of symptoms. Oxygen, vasopressores and assisted ventilation may be required for depression of the CNS, respiratory, or cardiovascular. The careful assessment of the agencies trainers from the blood after recovery it is advisable.
What are the evils that can cause me?
The most common side effects of phenytoin are connected to the Central Nervous System and include nystagmus, vertigo, ataxia, nervousness, tremor, diplopia, blurred vision, ptosis palpebral, ocular pain, speech indistinct or slurred. Some patients may present with insomnia and irritability, while other start to feel fatigued, apathetic, or confused. Phenytoin may also raise the mood, getting to cause agitation in elderly patients. The actions of phenytoin on the liver and bone marrow as well as their effects to skin more serious type, systemic lupus erythematosus, may require, on the part of the physician, the immediate suspension of the drug. After prolonged treatment, the phenytoin can also cause discrasias blood with fever and jaundice, megaloblastic anemia and macrocitose. The gingival hyperplasia due to phenytoin is perfectly controllable. The most common side effects of diazepam related to the dose administered, are fatigue, drowsiness and muscle relaxation.