Acne – Causes and Treatments

acne is a dermatosis of the skin often occurs, commonly called the spine, is a disease that affects both men and women, mainly during the puberty period due to the intensification in the production of the sex hormones. Other factors that are causing the acne are heredity, diet rich in fat, genetics, pregnancy, infection by bacteria, hormonal changes, and even emotional stress. Although it is not a condition that threatens the life, acne can be quite uncomfortable and even lead to a deformation of the face, or the occurrence of scars. Learn more about the acne and check out some treatments are more effective in combating this problem, check it out here!!!


it Is an inflammation of the skin that usually arise with more frequency during adolescence, which is the stage of puberty, where we find a high level of sex hormones causing an imbalance in the sebaceous glands, increasing sebum secretion. This excess of sebum and accumulation of dead cells block the pore of the skin, which in turn causes the appearance of pimples. Although the disease does not reach only the teens, it can persist into adulthood or even appear only at this stage mainly in women. The disease has varying degrees and is characterized by papules, pustules, blackheads, abscesses.

Causes of Acne

As has already been said, the acne comes because of the high levels of hormones, the sebaceous glands pass to produce more sebum. The excess of sebum and the obstruction of the follicle polissebático allow the formation of comedones that can be opened or closed. Because of these comedones may arise from various types of injuries. Other causes are drugs such as corticosteroids (cortisone) are similar structurally to sex hormones, and therefore, also facilitate the emergence of pimples and blackheads. Substances and cosmetics based oil can favor the appearance of acne, so the ideal is to use water-based products, called products are not comedogenic.

Main causes of acne:


  • Hormonal Imbalance: it Is at puberty that adolescents have their sexual hormones are stimulated and the activation of male hormones occurs a reaction in the sebaceous glands, giving the appearance of pimples;
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  • hereditary Factors: there are whole families of acneicos. In these cases, from 10 years it is possible to predict the appearance of blackheads or pimples;
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  • the Ovaries: this occurs in women with a condition that does not transform the male hormone (androgen) and female (estrogen);
  • Use

  • cosmetics: products that are greasy or oily (such as the foundations and moisturising creams, for example) can bring about acne even for those who have never had this type of disease, or in the teenage years;

acne can be aggravated by:


  • Stress;
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  • Playing a lot in the face;
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  • excessive Sweating;
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  • Let your hair in contact with the skin, which can leave the skin more oily;
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  • Working with oils and chemicals on a regular basis;
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  • Athletes or bodybuilders who take anabolic steroids are also at risk of serious, or develop acne.

Treatments for Acne

acne is a disease of long duration, and depending on the case can be disfiguring, so it should be treated early to avoid possible sequelae caused by scars on the skin, or even emotional disturbances on account that messes with the self-esteem of people that are affected by the disease.

There are several types of acne, so the treatment is set according to the degree of the disease, and can be done with application of ointments, aimed at unclogging of the follicles and the control of the proliferation of bacteria and oil, use of pills, usually antibiotics to control the infection or, in the case of female patients, hormonal therapy with medications, anti-androgenic, or even through surgery, especially when there is a predominance of scars, blackheads and cysts. The treatment must be started quickly for aesthetic reasons that interfere with self-esteem but also to preserve the health of the skin and prevent scars.

If necessary you can make cleaning of the skin, since look for a dermatologist properly trained, because the action will be important for there to be the draining lesions non-inflammatory (blackheads), preventing its transformation into pimples. In cases of very severe acne (like acne conglobata), or resistant to conventional treatments, can be used isotretinoin popularly known for Roacutan, medication that can cure the problem in the skin permanently in about six to eight months in most cases.

Prevention for Acne

You can adopt a few habits to prevent acne or prevent it to become worse:


  • Wash gently the skin every day. Avoid scrubbing too hard or washing excessively;
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  • Avoid sweat too much if you think that this will make your acne worse. If it is not avoidable, higienize the face after the activity;
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  • Wash your hair frequently and avoid that they become very oily;
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  • Avoid touching your face often or put it against objects;
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  • light clothing and avoid synthetic fabrics;
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  • Avoid hair products (like gel, mousse, leave-in and pomade) that are very oily;
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  • Avoid skin exposure to oils and other chemicals.


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Attention: the remedy of The earth is a space character only, with issues related to health and well-being, The information here disclosed shall not be used as a substitute for a doctor’s prescription for the treatment of any disease.